One way that the police finds the head of a gang is to check people’s phone calls. If there is a phone call between A and B, we say that A and B is related. The weight of a relation is defined to be the total time length of all the phone calls made between the two persons. A “Gang” is a cluster of more than 2 persons who are related to each other with total relation weight being greater than a given threshold K. In each gang, the one with maximum total weight is the head. Now given a list of phone calls, you are supposed to find the gangs and the heads.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains two positive numbers N and K (both less than or equal to 1000), the number of phone calls and the weight threthold, respectively. Then N lines follow, each in the following format:

Name1 Name2 Time

where Name1 and Name2 are the names of people at the two ends of the call, and Time is the length of the call. A name is a string of three capital letters chosen from A-Z. A time length is a positive integer which is no more than 1000 minutes.

Output Specification:

For each test case, first print in a line the total number of gangs. Then for each gang, print in a line the name of the head and the total number of the members. It is guaranteed that the head is unique for each gang. The output must be sorted according to the alphabetical order of the names of the heads.

Sample Input 1:

Sample Output 1:

Sample Input 2:

Sample Output 2:

用 disjoint set 来确定 Gang ,在 union 的过程中更新数据,同时在 find 的过程中确定 Head 是谁。偷懒直接用一个数组储存了姓名信息……

注意一下,输入共有 N 组数据,但是,最多可以有 2*N 的人。一开始犯二了,没想到……测试点 3 就段错误了……

代码如下:

继续阅读

An AVL tree is a self-balancing binary search tree. In an AVL tree, the heights of the two child subtrees of any node differ by at most one; if at any time they differ by more than one, rebalancing is done to restore this property. Figures 1-4 illustrate the rotation rules.

    
    
Now given a sequence of insertions, you are supposed to tell the root of the resulting AVL tree.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains a positive integer N (<=20) which is the total number of keys to be inserted. Then N distinct integer keys are given in the next line. All the numbers in a line are separated by a space.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print ythe root of the resulting AVL tree in one line.

Sample Input 1:

Sample Output 1:

Sample Input 2:

Sample Output 2:

偷懒写了递归版……

代码如下:

继续阅读

A Binary Search Tree (BST) is recursively defined as a binary tree which has the following properties:

  • The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than or equal to the node’s key.
  • The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than the node’s key.
  • Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.

Insert a sequence of numbers into an initially empty binary search tree. Then you are supposed to count the total number of nodes in the lowest 2 levels of the resulting tree.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives a positive integer N (<=1000) which is the size of the input sequence. Then given in the next line are the N integers in [-1000 1000] which are supposed to be inserted into an initially empty binary search tree.

Output Specification:

For each case, print in one line the numbers of nodes in the lowest 2 levels of the resulting tree in the format:

n1 + n2 = n

where n1 is the number of nodes in the lowest level, n2 is that of the level above, and n is the sum.

Sample Input:

Sample Output:

偷懒写了递归版……

感觉新增的 1108 – 1105 都有点水……

代码如下:

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This time, you are supposed to help us collect the data for family-owned property. Given each person’s family members, and the estate(房产)info under his/her own name, we need to know the size of each family, and the average area and number of sets of their real estate.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives a positive integer N (<=1000). Then N lines follow, each gives the infomation of a person who owns estate in the format:

ID Father Mother k Child1 … Childk M_estate Area

where ID is a unique 4-digit identification number for each person; Father and Mother are the ID’s of this person’s parents (if a parent has passed away, -1 will be given instead); k (0<=k<=5) is the number of children of this person; Childi‘s are the ID’s of his/her children;M_estate is the total number of sets of the real estate under his/her name; and Area is the total area of his/her estate.

Output Specification:

For each case, first print in a line the number of families (all the people that are related directly or indirectly are considered in the same family). Then output the family info in the format:

ID M AVG_sets AVG_area

where ID is the smallest ID in the family; M is the total number of family members; AVG_sets is the average number of sets of their real estate; and AVG_area is the average area. The average numbers must be accurate up to 3 decimal places. The families must be given in descending order of their average areas, and in ascending order of the ID’s if there is a tie.

Sample Input:

Sample Output:

用 disjoint set 来确定家庭……

child 和 parent 的 id 可能不在给出的人中,且没有资产

代码如下:

继续阅读

Given a set of N (> 1) positive integers, you are supposed to partition them into two disjoint sets A1 and A2 of n1 and n2numbers, respectively. Let S1 and S2 denote the sums of all the numbers in A1 and A2, respectively. You are supposed to make the partition so that |n1 – n2| is minimized first, and then |S1 – S2| is maximized.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives an integer N (2 <= N <= 105), and then N positive integers follow in the next line, separated by spaces. It is guaranteed that all the integers and their sum are less than 231.

Output Specification:

For each case, print in a line two numbers: |n1 – n2| and |S1 – S2|, separated by exactly one space.

Sample Input 1:

Sample Output 1:

Sample Input 2:

Sample Output 2:

水题……排序后,后半部分减去前半部分的和……

代码如下:

继续阅读

On a broken keyboard, some of the keys are always stucked. So when you type some sentences, the characters corresponding to those keys will appear repeatedly on screen for k times.

Now given a resulting string on screen, you are supposed to list all the possible stucked keys, and the original string.

Notice that there might be some characters that are typed repeatedly. The stucked key will always repeat output for a fixed k times whenever it is pressed. For example, when k=3, from the string “thiiis iiisss a teeeeeest” we know that the keys “i” and “e” might be stucked, but “s” is not even though it appears repeatedly sometimes. The original string could be “this isss a teest”.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the 1st line gives a positive integer k ( 1<k<=100 ) which is the output repeating times of a stucked key. The 2nd line contains the resulting string on screen, which consists of no more than 1000 characters from {a-z}, {0-9} and “_”. It is guaranteed that the string is non-empty.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in one line the possible stucked keys, in the order of being detected. Make sure that each key is printed once only. Then in the next line print the original string. It is guaranteed that there is at least one stucked key.

Sample Input:

Sample Output:

判断重复的字符个数是否是 k 的整数倍即可。

代码如下:

继续阅读

Input our current position and a destination, an online map can recommend several paths. Now your job is to recommend two paths to your user: one is the shortest, and the other is the fastest. It is guaranteed that a path exists for any request.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives two positive integers N (2 <= N <= 500), and M, being the total number of streets intersections on a map, and the number of streets, respectively. Then M lines follow, each describes a street in the format:

V1 V2 one-way length time

where V1 and V2 are the indices (from 0 to N-1) of the two ends of the street; one-way is 1 if the street is one-way from V1 to V2, or 0 if not;length is the length of the street; and time is the time taken to pass the street.

Finally a pair of source and destination is given.

Output Specification:

For each case, first print the shortest path from the source to the destination with distance D in the format:

Distance = D: source -> v1 -> … -> destination

Then in the next line print the fastest path with total time T:

Time = T: source -> w1 -> … -> destination

In case the shortest path is not unique, output the fastest one among the shortest paths, which is guaranteed to be unique. In case the fastest path is not unique, output the one that passes through the fewest intersections, which is guaranteed to be unique.

In case the shortest and the fastest paths are identical, print them in one line in the format:

Distance = D; Time = T: source -> u1 -> … -> destination

Sample Input 1:

Sample Output 1:

Sample Input 2:

Sample Output 2:

用 dijkstra 算法即可。

不过,我实现的方式十分不优雅,我分别写了两个函数来寻径……

代码如下:

继续阅读

Given a tree, you are supposed to tell if it is a complete binary tree.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives a positive integer N (<=20) which is the total number of nodes in the tree — and hence the nodes are numbered from 0 to N-1. Then N lines follow, each corresponds to a node, and gives the indices of the left and right children of the node. If the child does not exist, a “-” will be put at the position. Any pair of children are separated by a space.

Output Specification:

For each case, print in one line “YES” and the index of the last node if the tree is a complete binary tree, or “NO” and the index of the root if not. There must be exactly one space separating the word and the number.

Sample Input 1:

Sample Output 1:

Sample Input 2:

Sample Output 2:

仿效了二项堆的存储方式来存储 Complete Binary Tree ,这样就可以很方便的判断是否是一颗 Complete Binary Tree 以及确定最后一个节点是什么……

代码如下:

继续阅读

Formation is very important when taking a group photo. Given the rules of forming K rows with N people as the following:

  • The number of people in each row must be N/K (round down to the nearest integer), with all the extra people (if any) standing in the last row;
  • All the people in the rear row must be no shorter than anyone standing in the front rows;
  • In each row, the tallest one stands at the central position (which is defined to be the position (m/2+1), where m is the total number of people in that row, and the division result must be rounded down to the nearest integer);
  • In each row, other people must enter the row in non-increasing order of their heights, alternately taking their positions first to the right and then to the left of the tallest one (For example, given five people with their heights 190, 188, 186, 175, and 170, the final formation would be 175, 188, 190, 186, and 170. Here we assume that you are facing the group so your left-hand side is the right-hand side of the one at the central position.);
  • When there are many people having the same height, they must be ordered in alphabetical (increasing) order of their names, and it is guaranteed that there is no duplication of names.

Now given the information of a group of people, you are supposed to write a program to output their formation.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each test case, the first line contains two positive integers N (<=10000), the total number of people, and K (<=10), the total number of rows. Then N lines follow, each gives the name of a person (no more than 8 English letters without space) and his/her height (an integer in [30, 300]).

Output Specification:

For each case, print the formation — that is, print the names of people in K lines. The names must be separated by exactly one space, but there must be no extra space at the end of each line. Note: since you are facing the group, people in the rear rows must be printed above the people in the front rows.

Sample Input:

Sample Output:

按照要求排序(身高降序,名字字母序)后,按照要求的顺序填充即可。

代码如下:

继续阅读

The basic task is simple: given N real numbers, you are supposed to calculate their average. But what makes it complicated is that some of the input numbers might not be legal. A “legal” input is a real number in [-1000, 1000] and is accurate up to no more than 2 decimal places. When you calculate the average, those illegal numbers must not be counted in.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives a positive integer N (<=100). Then N numbers are given in the next line, separated by one space.

Output Specification:

For each illegal input number, print in a line “ERROR: X is not a legal number” where X is the input. Then finally print in a line the result: “The average of K numbers is Y” where K is the number of legal inputs and Y is their average, accurate to 2 decimal places. In case the average cannot be calculated, output “Undefined” instead of Y. In case K is only 1, output “The average of 1 number is Y” instead.

Sample Input 1:

Sample Output 1:

Sample Input 2:

Sample Output 2:

今天中午和下午抽空把 PAT-Advanced 新增的题都做掉了,感觉难度都好一般。但是自己最近的码力确实是下降了,容易犯一些低级的错误,思路也不够清晰了。

这道题需要注意的是最多精确到 2 位,同时只有 0 个或 1 个合法数字时的输出。(似乎和测试点 3 有关

In case the average cannot be calculated, output “Undefined” instead of Y. In case K is only 1, output “The average of 1 number is Y” instead.

其他的就没有什么问题,就是发现自己的思路好不清晰,写第一遍时没有 AC ,然后偷懒直接 sscanf 反而过了……

本来打算写一个基于正则表达式的,但不知 regex.h 能不能用,回来有空尝试一下。

代码如下:

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